European Minorities

FUEN Members

A

Hrvatski centar za kulturu, obrazovanje i politiku

Croatian center for culture, education and politics
Obmann Mag. Tibor Jugovits
Schwindgasse 14
A-1040 Wien

+43 1 504 63 54
ured@hrvatskicentar.at

A

Hrvatsko kulturno društvo u Gradišću HKD

Croatian Cultural Association of Burgenland
Chairman DDr Stanko Horvath
Ulica dr. Lovre Karalla / Dr. Lorenz-Karallstraße 23
A-7000 Željezno / Eisenstadt

+43 2682 66500
ured@hkd.at

A

Narodni svet koroških Slovencev NSKS

National Council of Carinthian Slovenes
Obmann dr. Valentin Inzko
Viktringer Ring 26
A-9020 Klagenfurt/Celovec

+43 463 512528
office@nsks.at

A

Skupnost koroških Slovencev in Slovenk SKS

Community of the Carinthian Slovenes
Obmann Bernard Sadovnik
Neuer Platz 10
A-9020 Klagenfurt/Celovec

+43 463 59 16 59
office@skupnost.at

AL

Instituti i Studimeve për Çamërinë

Institute of Cham Studies
Chairman Gjergj Xhafa
Rr. Themistokli Germenji, Pall. 1, Shk. 1,
Tirana

+355 4 2255 655
gjxhafa@gmail.com

AL

Македонско Друштво "Илинден" Tирана

Macedonian Association “Ilinden” – Tirana
President Nikolla Gjurgjaj
Mihal Grameno 183
AL-1001 Tirana

00 355 69 240 1778
drustvo.ilinden.tirana@live.com

AZ

Azerbaycanda yaşayan Ahıska Türkleri VATAN İctimai Birliyi

"Vatan" Public Union of Ahiska Turks living in Azerbaijan
Chairman Ibrahim Ziya Oğlu
Alatava 9, Tbilisi District
Baku, Azerbaijan

+994 503675043
ibrahim-1960@mail.ru

B

Regionalpartei ProDG

ProDG
Party Chairman Clemens Scholzen
Kaperberg 6
B-4700 Eupen

+32 (0)87 31 84 55
info@prodg.pdg.be

BA

Udruženje građana za promociju obrazovanja Roma „Otaharin“

Association of citizens for promotion of education of Roma people “Otaharin”
Executive director Mr Dragan Jokovic
Beogradska 38
BA-76300 Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina

+387 55 250 543
ugotaharin@teol.net, info@otaharin.net

BG

Tsentru ti limba shi cultura armaneasca

Centre for Aromunian Language and Culture in Bulgaria
Chairman Prof. Dr. Mihai Christov
136, kniaz Boris I Str.
BG-1000 Sofia

+359 2546609
nkyurkchiev16@abv.bg

BG

ЕВРОПЕЙСКИ ИНСТИТУТ - ПОМАК

European Institute - POMAK
Chairman Efrem Elinov Mollov
10 Chavdar Voyvoda Str
BG-4700 Smolyan

+359 896-755-454
pomak.e.i@abv.bg

CH

Pro Grigioni Italiano

Italian-speaking minority in Switzerland
President Paola Gianoli
Martinsplatz 8
CH-7000 Chur

+41 818528616
info@pgi.ch

CH

Schäft qwant

Traditional Association for Yenish Cooperation and Cultural Exchange
Chairman Serge Borri
Müllheimerstr. 156
CH-4057 Basel

+41 796674193
schaeft.qwant@hispeed.ch

CZ

Kongres Polakow w Republice Czeskije

Congress of the Poles in the Czech Republic
Chairman Dr. Jószef Szymeczek
Komeńskiego 4
CZ-737 01 Czeski Cieszyn

+420 558711453
kongres@polonica.cz

CZ

Landesversammlung der deutschen Vereine in der Tschechischen Republik e.V. Shromáždění německých spolků v České republice, z.s.

The Assembly of German Associations in the Czech Republic
Chairman Martin Dzingel
náměstí 14. října 1278/1
CZ-150 00 Praha 5

+422 33344410
info@landesversammlung.cz

CZ

Obec Slovákov v Ceskej republike

Association of Slovaks in the Czech Republic
Chairman PhDr, Andrej Dan Bárdoš, PhD
Vocelova 602/3
CZ-120 00 Praha 2

00420 235 514 542, 00420 732 217 933
dan.nem@centrum.cz

D

DOMOWINA – Bund Lausitzer Sorben e. V./Zwjazk Łužiskich Serbow z. t./Zwězk Łužyskich Serbow z. t.

Domowina – Union of Lusatian Sorbs
Chairman David Statnik
Postplatz 2 D
D- 02625 Bautzen / Budyšin

+49 359 1550100
domowina-bautzen@sorben.com

D

EBLUL Deutschland - Komitee für Regional- und Minderheitensprachen

EBLUL Committee for regional and minority languages
Chairman Karl-Peter Schramm
Scharreler Damm 11
D-26683 Scharrel

+49 4492 921 028
k.schramm-rat@saterland.de

D

Federation of Western Thrace Turks in Europe ABTTF

Federation of Western Thrace Turks in Europe
President Halit Habip oglu
Wemerstr. 2
D-58454 Witten

+49 2302913291
info@abttf.org

D

Friisk Foriining

Frisian Association
Chairman Bahne Bahnsen
Süderstr. 6
D-25821 Bredstedt/Bräist

+49 4671 60 24 154
info@friiske.de

D

Sydslesvigsk Forening e. V.

South Slesvig Association
Chairman Jon Hardon Hansen
Norderstr. 76
D-24939 Flensburg

+49 461 144 080
info@syfo

D

Zentralrat Deutscher Sinti und Roma

Central Council of German Sinti and Roma
Chairman Romani Rose
Bremeneckgasse 2
D-69117 Heidelberg

+49 6221 981101
zentralrat@sintiundroma.de

D

Związek Polaków w Niemczech

Union of Poles in Germany
Chairman Josef Malinowski
c/o Josef Malinowski, Breite Str. 66
D-41236 Mönchengladbach

+49 2166 2622606
josef.malinowski@gmx.net

DK

Bund Deutscher Nordschleswiger (BDN)

Federation of Germans in Northern Schleswig
Chairman Hinrich Jürgensen
Vestergade 30
DK-6200 Aabenraa

+45 74623833
generalsekretariat@bdn.dk

EE

Association of Belarusians in Estonia

Association of Belarusians in Estonia
Chairwoman Nina Savinova
Uus Str. 19-8
EE-10111 Tallinn

+372 5134280
ninasavin@mail.ru

EE

Eestimaa Rahvuste Ühendus

Estonian Union of National Minorities
Chairman Timur Seifullen
Pärnu mnt. 6
EE-10148 Tallinn

+372 6440234
office@nationalities.ee

EE

Verein der Deutschen Estlands

Union of Germans in Estonia
Chairwoman Erika Weber
Pärnu mnt. 6/Urla Maja
EE-10148 Tallinn

+372 55 26 115
erikawbr@gmail.com

EE

Некоммерческое объединение “Русская школа Эстонии”

Non-profit organization "Russian School of Estonia"
Chair of the Board Mstislav Rusakov
Tuukri 19
EE-10152 Tallinn

+372 58 011 645
pravlenie@venekool.eu

EE

Союз Славянских просветительных и благотворительных обществ

Union of Russian Educational and Charitable Societies in Estonia
Chairman Juri Poljakov
Mere pst 5
EE-10111 Tallinn

+372 6418441, +372 566 12211
slaavi@hot.ee

F

Associacion Occitana de Fotbòl

Occitania Football Association
President Nicolas Desachy
ASSOCIACION OCCITANA DE FOTBÒL, 4 chemin de Borde Basse
F-31320 VIEILLE TOULOUSE


contact@occitania-fotbol.com

F

Comité d´Action Régionale de Bretagne - Poellgor evit Breizh

Committee for regional action in Brittany
Per Le Moine
Klesseven
FR-22110 Glomel / Bretagne

+33 130 50 24 03, +33 2 96 29 63 30
klesseven@hotmail.com

F

Elsaß-Lothringischer Volksbund

Union of the people of Alsace-Lorraine

2 rue des roses
FR-67500 Haguenau

+33 388731667
robert.joachim@gmx.net

GE

Assoziation der Deutschen Georgiens "Einung"

Association of Germans of Georgia “Einung”
Chairman Dr. Harry Augst
Galaktion Tabidse Str. 3/5
GE-0105 Tblisi

+995 32 230 97 38
info@einung.org.ge

GE

Kongrêa Kurdên-Êzdî yê Gurcistanê

National Congress of Yezidi-Kurds of Georgia
Agit Mirzoev
Apt.2, 3 Marelisi Str.
GE-0102 Tbilisi

+995 99551897
agit@caucasus.net

GE

Ομοσπονδία ελληνικών συλλόγων της Γεωργίας

All Georgian Union of Greek Societies
Chairman Fotios Chitlidis
8 Kievskaya Street
GE-0102 Tbilisi

+99532 2 94 20 37, +99532 2 96 76 37
fotios_chitlidis@mail.ru

GE

საერთო სამოქალაქო მოძრაობა - მრავალეროვანი საქართველო

Public Movement Multinational Georgia
Chairman Arnold Stepanyan
2 entr., 117 D.Uznadze Str.
GE-0102 Tbilisi

+995 32910557
pmmg@pmmg.org.ge

GR

Friendship, Equality, Peace (FEP) Party

Friendship, Equality and Peace Party
President Mustafa Ali Çavus
Vasilou Pavlou 7
GR-69100 Komitini

+30 2531 102 124
deb_partisi@debpartisi.org

GR

Western Thrace Minority University Graduates Association

Western Thrace Minority University Graduates Association
President AHMET KARA
Egnatias 75
GR- 69100 Komotini

+30 2531029705
btaytd@otenet.gr

GR

Οικουμενική Ομοσπονδία Κωνσταντινουπολιτών

Ecumenical Federation of Constantinopolitans
Chairman Nikolaos Ouzounoglou
Kapodistriou 17, Filothei
GR-15273 Athens

+30 69 77 008 922
nnap@otenet.gr

GR

Виножито: ПОЛИТИЧКА ПАРТИЈА НА МАКЕДОНСКОТО МАЛЦИНСТВО ВО ГРЦИЈА

RAINBOW: Party of the Macedonian minority in Greece
Chairman Anastasiadis Stavros
Stefaunou Dragoumi 11
GR-53100 Lerin-Florina

+30 2385046548
rainbow@vinozito.gr

H

Celoštátna slovenská samospráva v Maďarsku

National Self-Government of Slovaks in Hungary
Chairwoman Alžbeta Hollerová Račková
Fadrusz u.11/a
HU-1114 Budapest

+36 13868757
oszo@slovaci.hu

H

Landesselbstverwaltung der Ungarndeutschen (LdU)

Self-Government of the German Minority of Hungary
Vorsitzender Otto Heinek
Júlia u. 9
HU-1026 Budapest

+36 12129151
ldu@ldu.hu

HR

Deutsche Gemeinschaft Landsmannschaft der Donauschwaben in Kroatien

German society – Organization of Danube Swabians in Croatia, Osijek
Chairman Zorislav Schönberger
Ribarska 1/I
HR-31000 Osijek

+385 912101234
vdg@os.t-com.hr

HR

Horvatorszagi Magyarok Demokratikus Közössege

Democratic Union of Hungarians in Croatia
Chairman Jakab Sándor
Petőfi Sándor 78.
HR-31327 Bilje/Bellye

+385 31 275 134
hmdk@hmdk.hr

HR

Koordinace rad a představitelů české národnostní menšiny v Republice Horvatsko

Coordination of Councils and Representatives of the Czech National Minority
Chairman Damir Malina
Trg Kralia Tomislava 7
HR-43500 Daruvar

+385 989 477547
vijececesi.bbz@gmail.hr, damir.malina@inet.hr

HR

Српскo нaрoднo виjeћe

Serb National Council in Croatia
Chairman Milorad Pupovac
Gajeva 7
HR-10 000 Zagreb

+385 1 4848 368
ured@snv.hr

I

Asociatia Culturale Lu Istro-Rumeni "Andrei Glavina"

Cultural Association of the Istro-Romanians "Andrei Glavina"
Chairman Emile Ratiu
Via delle Fornaci, 24
I-00165 Roma

+39 06 631986

I

Istituto di Studi sull’Amministrazione Locale (ISAL)

Institute for Studies on Local Administration
Ernesto Liesch
Via Gorghi 15
I-33100 - Udine (UD) 


istitutoisal@gmail.com

I

Slovenska Skupnost

Union of the Slovenes in Italy
Regional President, Peter Močnik
Ulica / Via G. Gallina, 5/III
IT-34122 Trst/Trieste

+39 0481537447
info@slovenskaskupnost.org

I

Südtiroler Volkspartei (SVP)

South Tyrolean People's Party in South Tyrol, Italy
Chairman Philipp Achammer
Brennerstrasse 7/a
IT-39100 Bozen

+39 0471304000
info@svp.eu

I

Union Generela di Ladins dla Dolomites

Union of the Ladins in Italy
Chairwoman Daria Luisa Milva Musser
Cësa di Ladins - Streda Rezia Nr.83
IT-39046 Urtijëi (BZ)

+ 39 0471 796 020
info@uniongenerela.it

KS

Volksrat der Deutschen der Kirgisischen Republik

Council of Germans in Kirgistan
Chairman Valerij Dill
Gerzen Str. 5
KIR-720021 Bischkek

+ 996 312271820
deuthaus@mail.ru

KZ

Assoziation der gesellschaftlichen Vereinigungen der Deutschen Kasachstans “Wiedergeburt”

Council of Germans in Kazakhstan
Alexandr Dederer
Mikrorajon Samal 3 Haus 9, Deutsches Haus
KZ-050051 Almaty

+77272635801, +77272635812
leiter@wiedergeburt.kz, info@wiedergeburt.kz

LV

Verband der Deutschen in Lettland

Association of Germans in Latvia
Chairwoman Ilze Garda
Mēness iela 13
LV-1013 Riga

+371 29297823
info@verband.lv

MD

Deutsches Haus "Hoffnung"der Republik Moldov - Немецкий дом "Hoffnung" в Республике Молдова

German cultural Centre in Moldavia
Chairwoman Tatjana Iuriev
str. Bulgara, 24b Chisinau
MD-2001 Moldavia

+373 22275143
hoffnung_90@mail.ru

MK

Unia ti cultura-a Armanjlor dit Machidunii

Union for the Culture of the Aromanians in Macedonia
Chairman Dimo N.Dimcev
Jane Sandanski 77/3-39
MZ-1000 Skopje

+389 2447345
gorankostov@gmail.com

MK

Асоцијација за демократски развој на Ромите СОНЦЕ

Roma Democratic Development Association SONCE
Executive Director Mr Ferdi Ismaili
Str. Ivo Lola Ribar no:381/3
1200 Tetovo, Republic of Macedonia

+389 44 352 390
f.ismaili@sonce.org.mk

MK

Центар за Ромска Заедница “ДРОМ”

Roma Community Center “DROM”
Executive Director Mr Ahmet Jasharevski
Lokalitet Servav 5/7a
MK-1300 Kumanovo

+ 389 (0) 31 / 411 406
info@drom.org.mk

NL

Ried fan de Fryske Beweging

Council of the Frisian Movement
Chairman Geart Benediktus
Keetwaltje 1
NL-8921EV Leeuwarden/Ljouwert

+31 515559597
info@fryskebeweging.nl

PL

Kaszëbskò Pòmòrsczé Zrzeszenié

Association of Kashubians in Poland
Chairman Edmund Wittbrodt
ul. Straganiarska 20-23
PL-80837 Gdañsk / Danzig

+48 58 301 27 31
biuro@kaszubi.pl

PL

Masurische Gesellschaft e. V.

Masurian Society in Poland
Chairman Tadeusz Willan
Skrytka pocztowa 117
PL-10-001 Olsztyn / Allenstein

+48895272905
willan@poczta.onet.pl

PL

Verband der Deutschen Sozial-Kulturellen Gesellschaften in Polen VDG

Association of German Social Cultural Societies in Poland
Chairman Bernard Gaida
ul. Krupnicza 15
PL-45-013 Opole

+48 77 453 85 07
biuro@vdg.pl

PL

Об'єднання лемків - Zjednoczenie Łemków

Association of Lemkos in Poland
Chairman Stefan Hładyk
ul. Jagielly 2
PL-38-300 Gorlice

+48 18 353 29 06
lemkounion@poczta.onet.pl

RO

Demokratisches Forum der Deutschen DFDR

Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania
Chairman Dr Paul-Jürgen Porr
Str. General Magheru 1-3
RO-2400 Sibiu / Hermannstadt

+40 269217841
dex@fdgr.ro

RO

FARA ARMÂNEASCÂ dit ROMÂNIA

Arman Community in Romania
Chairman Costa Damov
Teiul Doamnei Nr. 91, Sect. 2 Bucharest
Romania

+40 723063916
fara_romania@yahoo.com

RO

PARTIDUL CIVIC MAGHIAR – MAGYAR POLGÁRI PÁRT

Hungarian Civic Party
President Zsolt Biro
Liviu Rebreanu utca 1.
RO-540015 Marosvásárhely

+40 (737) 520 079
birozsolt@polgaripart.ro

RO

Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség RMDSZ

Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania
Chairman Kelemen Hunor
Republicii street no. 60
RO-400489 Cluj-Napoca

+40 213144583
office@rmdsz.ro

RS

Demokratski Savez Hrvata u Vojvodini

Democratic Alliance of Croats in Vojvodina
Chairman Tomislav Žigmanov
Beogradski Put 31
HS-24000 Subotica

+381 24524977
office@dshv.net

RS

Deutscher Volksverband

German Association in Serbia
Chairman Rudolf Weiss
Miklosa Saboa 9
RS-24000 Subotica

+381 641527152
weissrudolf@yahoo.com

RS

Vajdasági Magyar Szövetség

Alliance of Voivodina Hungarians
Chairman István Pásztor
Mamužić Ago str. 11/I
HS-24000 Szabadka / Subotica

+381 24553801
office@vmsz.org.rs

RUS

Bars El: Social Organisation for Fostering and Development of the Karachay-Balkar Traditions

Bars El: Social Organisation for Fostering and Development of the Karachay-Balkar Traditions
Chairman Totorkulow Alij Chasanowitsch
Семеновская пл. дом 7, корпус 16, офис 77.
RUS 105318 Москва

+ 7 (495) 366 – 45 - 23
mail@barsel.org

RUS

International Society of Meskhetian Turks "Vatan”

International Society of Meskhetian Turks
Zhavid Aliev / Dr. Fuad Pepinov
Litovski 5/10 423
RUS-117 593 Moscow

+7 495 427-05-04
pepinov@rambler.ru

RUS

Internationaler Verband der deutschen Kultur (IVDK)

“IVDK”-International Union of German Culture
Chairman Heinrich Martens
Malaja Pirogovskaja 5. Büro 52
RUS-119435 Moscow

+74955316888
info@ivdk.ru

RUS

The Ingush National Union Daimohk

The Ingush National Union in Russia
Chairwoman Marijam Jandieva
Basorkina Straße 13
aseranj (Nazran') 366720, Republik Inguschetia, Russia

+7 495 5241 924

RUS

The Interregional Public Organisation of the Nogai People "Birlik"

The Interregional Public Organisation of the Nogai People "Birlik"
Chairman Ramazan Kereitov
Kosmonawtow Strasse 13-16
RUS 369015 Tscherkessk Republik, Dagestan

+7 878 2250164

RUS

МСГОО “Понтос” Obiedinenie Gretschskij Obschestw Rossij

International Union of Greek Societies of CIS
Chairman Dr. Kayshev Grigorevich
Ветошный пер., 5
RUS-109012 Москва

+7 4955483975
pontos.mos@mail.ru

RUS

Федеральная лезгинская национальная и культурная автономия

Federal Lezghin National and Cultural Autonomy (FLNCA)
Chairman Arif Kerimov
19 Staraya Basmannaya Street
RUS-105066 Moscow

+7 (495) 632-26-99
info@flnka.ru

S

Stiftelsen Skånsk Framtid

The Foundation Scanian Future
Chairman Malte Lewan
Box 93
S-24030 Marieholm

004641370692
malte.lewan@gmail.com

SK

Český spolek na Slovensku

Czech Association in Slovakia
Chairman Ing. Pavel Doležal
Čordáková 9
SK-04001 Košice

+421 055 / 6255 217
csnske@zoznam.sk

SK

Karpatendeutscher Verein in der Slowakei

Carpathian-German association in Slovakia
Chairman Dr. Ondrej Pöss, CSc
Lichardova 20
SK-04001 Kosice

+421 556224145
kdv@kdv.sk

SK

Magyar Közösség Pártja

Party of Hungarian Community
Chairman József MENYHÁRT
Čajakova 8
SK-81105 Bratislava

+421 25710 6015
smk@smk.sk

SLO

Muravidéki Magyar Önkormányzati Nemzeti Közösség - Pomurska madžarska samoupravna narodna skupnnost

The Hungarian Self-Governing Ethnic Community of Pomurje
President Ferenc Horváth
Glavna ulica – Fő utca 124
SI-9220 Lendava - Lendva

+386 25751449
pmsns@muravidek.si

SLO

Verband der deutschsprachigen Kulturvereine in Slowenien

Association of German Speaking Cultural Societies in Slovenia
Chairman Dušan Ludvik Kolnik
Prešernova ulica 2
SI-2000 Maribor / Marburg a. D.

00386/40 630 831
pdebenjak@gmail.com

TR

Rhodes, Kos and the Dodecanese Turks Culture and Solidarity Association

Rhodes, Kos and the Dodacanese Turks Culture and Solidarity Association
President Prof. Dr. Mustafa Kaymakçı
1813/4 Sok. No.2/6 Ethembey
TR Apartmanı D.2 Karşıkaya Bostanlı /İzmir

+90 (232) 362 06 44
rodosistankoyturkleri@hotmail.com

UA

Asociația național-culturală a moldovenilor din Ucraina

All-Ukranian National Cultural Association of the Moldovians
President Anatoliy Semenovych Fetesku
83, Kanatnaya street, Office 1115
65107 Odessa

00 380 (4872) 8 37 47
lucafarul@neo.od.ua

UA

Association of Crimean Karaites "Krymkarailar"

Association of Crimean Karaites "Krymkarailar"
Chairman Vladimir Yurievich Ormeli
str. Chehova ,13
AR Crimea, Simferopol, 95011

+38-0652 29-71-20
krymkarai@yandex.ru

UA

Kárpátaljai Magyar Kulturális Szövetség KMKSZ

The Cultural Alliance of Hungarians in Sub-Carpathia
Chairman Dr Brenzovics László
Pravoslav emb.5, Transcarpathia, Ukraine
UA-88000 Uzhgorod


root@kmksz.uzhgorod.ua

UA

Qırımtatar Milliy Meclisi

Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People
Chairman Refat ÇUBAROV
2, Schmidta str
UA-95017 Simferopol, Crimea

+380 765 2273455
meclis.org@gmail.com

UA

Rat der Deutschen der Ukraine

Council of Germans in Ukraine
Chairman Wladimir Leysle
Wul. Olesja Gontschara 44, Büro 3
UA-01054 Kiew

+38 (044) 288 32 40
info@deutsche.in.ua

UA

Громадська організація «Асамблея Національностей України»

Public Organization «Assembly of Nationalities of Ukraine»
President Rovshan Tagiyev
30 street Yaroslavov Val, 14-D, office 90-91
UA-01030 Kiev

+380 (44) 253 38 88
aharon@ukr.net

UA

ОБЩЕСТВО КАРПАТСКИХ РУСИНОВ, УКРАИНА

Society of the Carpatho-Rusyns in Ukraine
Chairman Yevhen Zhupan
Ul. Pivnicsna, 36
UA-89600 MUKACSEVO, UKRAINA

+380 505175830
yevhenzhupan@gmail.com

UA

Федерація грецьких товариств України

Federation of Greek Communities of Ukraine
Chairwoman Alexandra Protsenko
Hretska str. 63
UA-Mariupol, Donetsk Oblast

00 38 0629 34 91 24
ellines.ua@gmail.com

UZB

Kulturgesellschaft der Deutschen Usbekistans e.V. „Wiedergeburt“

Cultural Centre of Germans in Uzbekistan
Chairwoman Maria Rekk
Bobur Str. 4
UZB-100070 Taschkent

+998-71-255 70 25
maria.rekk@mail.ru

Key Topics

  • Political Participation
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Linguistic Diversity
  • Solidarity with the Roma
  • European Citizens' Initiative
  • European Network
  • Forum of the European Minorities / House of Minorities

Flickr

More photos at Flickr